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Jnanpith (Gyanpeeth) Award

Jnanpith Award - Wikipedia

 

What’s in this Article?

  • Table of Contents
    • Why in the News?
    • About “Jnanpith Award”.
    • Selection Process.
    • Recipient
    • Facts
    • FAQs
    • MCQs

Why in the News?

  • The 58th Jnanpith Award (Seat of Knowledge) was granted to Gulzar and Jagadguru Rambhadracharya by the Jnanpith Selection Committee on February 17th.
  • About Gulzar
    • Gulzar, whose real name is Sampooran Singh Kalra, is a renowned figure in the realm of Hindi cinema and a highly esteemed Urdu poet.
    • Regarded as one of the finest poets of his era.
    • Among his notable honors are the Sahitya Akademi Award for Urdu in 2002, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2013, the Padma Bhushan in 2004, and at least five National Film Awards.
    • His contributions extend to iconic works such as the song “Jai Ho” from the film “Slumdog Millionaire,” which clinched both an Oscar in 2008 and a Grammy in 2010.
  • About Rambhadracharya
    • Rambhadracharya, aged 74, is a distinguished figure in Hindu spirituality, education, and literature.
    • He founded and leads Tulsi Peeth in Chitrakoot, having authored over 240 books, including four epic works.
    • Despite losing his sight at two months due to trachoma, Rambhadracharya is remarkably multilingual, proficient in 22 languages.
    • His contributions were honored with the Padma Vibhushan award in 2015.
    • Born as Giridhara Misra, Rambhadracharya received his early education from his grandfather, mastering texts like the Bhagavad Gita and the Ramcharitamanas by the age of eight.

About “Jnanpith Award

  • The Jnanpith Award, initiated by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain, founder of Bharatiya Jnanpith, a cultural and research institution established in 1944, aimed to honor the remarkable contributions of Indian writers.
  • Its inaugural recipient in 1965 was G. Shankara Kurup, recognized for his Malayalam poetry collection, “Odakkuzhal.”
  • Over the years, this prestigious accolade has been bestowed upon numerous esteemed figures in Indian literature such as Rabindranath Tagore, Premchand, R.K. Narayan, and Arundhati Roy.
  • This award is felicitated only to the Indian authors (Indian nationals).
  • It is given only for the literary works of any of the 22 languages included under the eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • Note: The Eighth (VIII) Schedule of the Constitution consists 22 languages which are:-
    1. Assamese
    2. Bengali
    3. Gujarati
    4. Hindi
    5. Kannada
    6. Kashmiri
    7. Konkani
    8. Malayalam
    9. Manipuri
    10. Marathi
    11. Nepali
    12. Oriya
    13. Punjabi
    14. Sanskrit
    15. Sindhi
    16. Tamil
    17. Telugu
    18. Urdu
    19. Bodo
    20. Santhali
    21. Maithili
    22. Dogri
  • Sindhi language was added by 21st amendment act 1967. Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali added by 71st Amendment, enacted in 1992.
  • Subsequently Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali were added by 92nd Amendment, 2003.

Selection Process

  • The nominations for awards are gathered from a diverse array of literary experts, educators, critics, universities, and various literary and language organizations.
    • To ensure fairness, a new advisory committee is established every three years for each language.
    • An important regulation stipulates that the language in which the most recent recipient has written is ineligible for consideration for the subsequent two years.
  • Each language’s advisory committee consists of three distinguished literary critics and scholars specializing in that language.
    • They meticulously review all nominations and present their recommendations to the Jnanpith Award Selection Board.
  • This Selection Board is comprised of esteemed individuals renowned for their high integrity and standing in the literary community.
  • It typically includes seven to eleven members who serve a three-year term, with the option for extension up to two additional terms.
  • In assessing the recommendations from the language advisory committees, the board examines complete or partial translations of the chosen works of the nominated authors into Hindi or English.
  • Ultimately, the Selection Board retains the final authority in the selection process and announces the recipient for a given year.

List of Jnanpith Award Recipients – 1965 to 2023

S.No.

Recipients Name

Language

Year

1.

G. Sankara Kurup

Malayalam

1965

2.

Tarashankar Bandopadhyaya

Bengali

1966

3.

Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa

Kannada

 

1967

4.

Umashankar Joshi

Gujarati

5.

Sumitranandan Pant

Hindi

1968

6.

Firaq Gorakhpuri

Urdu

1969

7.

Viswanatha Satyanarayana

Telugu

1970

8.

Bishnu Dey

Bengali

1971

9.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Hindi

1972

10.

Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre

Kannada

 

1973

11.

Gopinath Mohanty

Oriya

12.

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar

Marathi

1974

13.

P. V. Akilan

Tamil

1975

14.

Ashapurna Devi

Bengali

1976

15.

K. Shivaram Karanth

Kannada

1977

16.

Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan ‘Ajneya’

Hindi

1978

17.

Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya

Assamese

1979

18.

S. K. Pottekkatt

Malayalam

1980

19.

Amrita Pritam

Punjabi

1981

20.

Mahadevi Varma

Hindi

1982

21.

Masti Venkatesh Iyengar

Kannada

1983

22.

Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai

Malayalam

1984

23.

Pannalal Patel

Gujarati

1985

24.

Sachidananda Routray

Oriya

1986

25.

Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar

Marathi

1987

26.

Dr. C. Narayana Reddy

Telugu

1988

27.

Qurratulain Hyder

Urdu

1989

28.

Vinayaka Krishna Gokak

Kannada

1990

29.

Subhas Mukhopadhyay

Bengali

1991

30.

Naresh Mehta

Hindi

1992

31.

Sitakant Mahapatra

Oriya

1993

32.

U. R. Ananthamurthy

Kannada

1994

33.

Dr. M. T. Vasudevan Nair

Malayalam

1995

34.

Mahasweta Devi

Bengali

1996

35.

Ali Sardar Jafri

Urdu

1997

36.

Girish Karnad

Kannada

1998

37.

Gurdial Singh

Punjabi

1999

38.

Nirmal Verma

Hindi

39.

Indira Goswami

Assamese

2000

40.

Rajendra Keshavlal Shah

Gujarati

2001

41.

D. Jayakanthan

Tamil

2002

42.

Vinda Karandikar

Marathi

2003

43.

Rehman Rahi

Kashmiri

2004

44.

Kunwar Narayan

Hindi

2005

45.

Ravindra Kelekar

Konkani

2006

46.

Satya Vrat Shastri

Sanskrit

47.

Dr. O. N. V. Kurup

Malayalam

2007

48.

Akhlaq Mohammed Khan

Urdu

2008

49.

Amar Kant

Hindi

2009

50.

Shrilal Shukla

51.

Chandrashekhara Kambara

Kannada

2010

52.

Pratibha Ray

Urdu

2011

53.

Ravauri Bharadwaja

Telugu

2012

54.

Kedarnath Singh

Hindi

2013

55.

Bhalchandra Nemade

Marathi

2014

56.

Dr. Raghuvir Chaudhari

Gujarati

2015

57.

Shanka Ghosh

Bengali

2016

58.

Krishna Sobti

Hindi

2017

59.

Amitav Ghosh

English

2018

60.

Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri

Malayalam

2019

61.

Nilamani Phookan

Assamese

2021

62.

Damodar Mauzo

Konkani

2022

63.

Gulzar (Sampooran Singh Kalra)

Urdu

2023

64.

Jagadguru Rambhadracharya

Sanskrit

 

Facts about Jnanpith Award

  • Jnanpith Award has achieved the recognition of the highest literary award of the country.
  • The Award is open for only Indian citizens and is given annually.
  • This award is not conferred posthumously.
  • English along with other Indian languages is considered for the Award.
  • Remember that the Jnanpith Award is offered in 23 languages (22 + English).
  • The winner is given a cash prize of Rs. 11 lakh and a bronze replica of Goddess Saraswati (Vagdevi), the Hindu goddess of learning.
  • The first recipient of the award was Malayalam writer G Sankara Kurup in 1965 for his novel ‘Odakkuzhal’ (The Bamboo Flute).
  • The first woman writer to be awarded this award was Ashapoorna Devi, a Bengali writer, in 1976.
  • The organization which presents this award was founded in 1944 by industrialist and philanthropist Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain.
  • Jnanpith Award is sponsored by the cultural organization Bharatiya Jnanpith.
  • In 2019, author Amitav Ghosh was felicitated with 54th Jnanpith Award. He became the first English language writer to become a Jnanpith laureate.

Disclaimer: The article may contain information pertaining to prior academic years; for further information, visit the official or concerned website.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

  • Question: Who was the first recipient of the Jnanpith award?
  • Ans:
    • The first recipient of the Jnanpith Award, which is one of the most prestigious literary awards in India, was G. Sankara Kurup.
    • He received the award in 1965 for his contributions to Malayalam literature (poems called Odakkuzhal).
    • Kurup was a renowned poet and writer from the state of Kerala.
  • Question: Who received the 1st english Jnanpith award?
  • Ans :
    • The first English Jnanpith Award was given to “Amitav Ghosh” in 2018 for his outstanding contribution to English literature.
    • Ghosh is a renowned Indian author known for his novels such as “The Shadow Lines,” “The Glass Palace,” and “Sea of Poppies.”
  • Question: Who was the first woman to receive the Jnanpith award?
  • Ans:
    • The first woman to receive the Jnanpith Award was Ashapoorna Devi, an eminent Bengali writer.
    • She received the award in 1976 for her significant contributions to Indian literature.
    • Devi is renowned for her novels, short stories, and essays that often depicted the lives of women in Bengali society.

 

MCQ’s

  • Q. Which of the following is considered the highest literary award in India?
      1. Jnanpith Award
      2. Saraswati Samman
      3. Sahitya Academy Award
      4. Vyas Samman
        Ans: (a) Jnanpith Award

  • Q. When was Jnanpith Award instituted?
      1. 1951
      2. 1954
      3. 1961
      4. 1985
        Ans: (c) 1961 
  • Q. What is the amount of Jnanpith Award?
      1. 15 lakh rupees
      2. 12 lakh rupees
      3. 10 lakh rupees
      4. 11 lakh rupees
        Ans: (d) 11 lakh rupees
  • Q. Who was the first Hindi writer to receive Jnanpith Award ?
      1. Mahadevi Verma
      2. Sumitranandan Pant
      3. Ramdhari Singh Dinkar
      4. H. Vatsyayan
        Ans: (b) Sumitranandan Pant

Disclaimer: The article may contain information pertaining to prior academic years; for further information, visit the exam’s official or concerned website.

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